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World-Wide T.V. Standards


Serving the USA domestic market:
multiregion multi region multi-region all regions regionfree region free
region-free codefree code free code-free all codes multicode multi code 
multi-code codeless multizone multi zone multi-zone all zones zonefree 
zone free zone-free international version rce free rea free rce compatible
rea compatible multisystem multisystems multi system multi-system all systems
pal/secam/ntsc pal secam ntsc pal-secam-ntsc></p>

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Not all television sets in the world are equal. Different countries use one of the three main video standards - PAL, NTSC or SECAM. This means that a videotape from a PAL country will not play in a VCR in a country that uses the NTSC standard. To look up a country, click the letter below or use the Edit/Find function of your browser.

This list has been updated as of Sept 1999. Due to political changes in the last few years many countries have changed from SECAM to PAL. We suggest that your check with a viewer in their country to check on the prevailing standard. Send comments.

Country Specific:


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z


A
Country System Color Stereo
Abu Dhabi B,G PAL -
Afghanistan B,D PAL & SECAM -
Albania B,G PAL -
Algeria B PAL -
Andorra B PAL -
Angola I PAL -
Antartica M NTSC -
Antigua M NTSC -
Antiles M NTSC -
Argentina N PAL -
Aryenuna N PAL -
Armenia D,K SECAM -
Aruba M NTSC -
Ascension Is. I PAL -
Australia B PAL Zweiton B/G
Austria B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Azerbaijan D,K SECAM -
Azores B PAL -
Azores (US Forces) M NTSC -
B
Country System Color Stereo
Bahamas M NTSC -
Bahrain B,G PAL -
Bangladesh B PAL -
Barbados N NTSC -
Belarus D,K SECAM -
Belgium B,H PAL Nicam B/G
Belize M NTSC -
Benin K SECAM -
Bermuda M NTSC -
Bhutan B PAL -
Bolivia N NTSC -
Bosnia B,G PAL -
Botswana I PAL -
Brazil M PAL BTSC
Brunei B PAL -
Bulgaria D SECAM -
Burma M NTSC -
Burundi K1 SECAM -
C
Country System Color Stereo
Cameroon B PAL -
Canada M NTSC BTSC
Canary Is. B PAL Nicam B/G
Cape Verde B,G PAL -
Cayman Is. M NTSC -
Central African Rep. K1 SECAM -
Chad K1 SECAM -
Chile M NTSC -
China D PAL Zweiton D
Colombia M NTSC -
Comoros K1 SECAM -
Congo D SECAM -
Costa Rica M NTSC -
Crete B,G PAL -
Croatia B,G PAL -
Cuba M NTSC -
Curacao M NTSC -
Cyprus B,G SECAM -
Cyprus (Turkish) B,G PAL -
Czech Republic B,G PAL -
D
Country System Color Stereo
Dahomey K1 SECAM -
Denmark B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Diego Garcia M NTSC -
Djibuti K1 SECAM -
Dominica M NTSC -
Dominican Rep. M NTSC -
Dubai B,G PAL -
E
Country System Color Stereo
Ecuador M NTSC -
Egypt B SECAM -
El Salvador M NTSC -
Equatorial Guinea B PAL -
Estonia D,K,B SECAM & PAL -
Ethiopia B PAL -
F
Country System Color Stereo
Falkland Is. I PAL -
Faroe Is. B,G PAL -
Fernando Po B PAL -
Fiji B PAL -
Finland B PAL Nicam B/G
France L SECAM Nicam L
French  Polynesia Kl SECAM -
G
Country System Color Stereo
Gabon K1 SECAM -
Gambia B PAL -
Georgia D,K SECAM -
Germany B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Germany (US Forces) M NTSC -
Ghana B PAL -
Gibraltar B PAL -
Greece B PAL -
Greenland B PAL -
Greenland (US Forces) M NTSC -
Grenada M NTSC -
Guadeloupe K1 SECAM -
Guam M NTSC -
Guatamala M NTSC -
Guinea (Bissau) I PAL -
Guinea (Rep.) K1 SECAM -
Guyana (French) K1 SECAM -
Guyana (Rep.) B,G SECAM -
H
Country System Color Stereo
Haiti M NTSC -
Hawaii M NTSC BTSC
Honduras M NTSC -
Hong Kong I PAL Nicam I
Hungary B,G PAL -
I
Country System Color Stereo
Iceland B,G PAL -
India B,G PAL -
Indonesia B PAL -
Iran B,G SECAM -
Iraq B SECAM -
Ireland I PAL -
Israel B,G PAL -
Italy B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Ivory Coast K1 SECAM -
J
Country System Color Stereo
Jamaica M NTSC -
Japan M NTSC EIAJ
Johnston Is. M NTSC -
Jordan B,G PAL -
K
Country System Color Stereo
Kampuchea B,G PAL -
Kazakhstan D,K SECAM -
Kenya B,G PAL -
Korea - North D SECAM -
Korea - South M NTSC Zweiton M
Kuwait B,G PAL -
Kyrgystan D,K SECAM -
L
Country System Color Stereo
Laos B PAL -
Latvia D,K SECAM -
Lebanon B SECAM -
Leeward Islands M NTSC -
Lesotho I PAL -
Liberia B,H PAL -
Libya B,G SECAM -
Lithuania D,K SECAM -
Liechtenstein B,G PAL -
Luxembourg B,G,L PAL & SECAM -
M
Country System Color Stereo
Macao I PAL -
Macedonia B,G PAL -
Madagascar K1 SECAM -
Madeira B PAL -
Malawi B,G PAL -
Malaysia B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Maldives B PAL -
Mali K1 SECAM -
Malta B,G PAL -
Marshall Is. M NTSC -
Martinique K1 SECAM -
Mauritania B SECAM -
Mauritius B SECAM -
Mayotte K1 SECAM -
Mexico M NTSC BTSC
Micronesia M NTSC -
Midway Is. M NTSC -
Moldova D,K SECAM -
Monaco G,L PAL & SECAM
Mongolia D SECAM -
Montenegro B,G PAL -
Montserrat M NTSC -
Morocco B,H SECAM -
Mozambique B PAL -
Myanmar M NTSC -
N
Country System Color Stereo
Namibia I PAL -
Nepal B PAL -
Netherlands B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
New Caledonia K1 SECAM -
New Zealand B PAL Nicam B/G
Nicaragua M NTSC -
Niger K1 PAL -
Nigeria B PAL -
Norfolk Is. B PAL -
Northern Marina Is. M NTSC -
Norway B,G PAL Nicam B/G
O
Country System Color Stereo
Okinawa M NTSC FM/FM
Oman B,G PAL -
P
Country System Color Stereo
Pakistan B PAL -
Palau M NTSC -
Panama M NTSC -
Papua New Guinea B,G PAL -
Paraguay N PAL -
Peru M NTSC -
Philippines M NTSC -
Poland D,K PAL -
Polynesia K1 SECAM -
Portugal B,G PAL -
Puerto Rica M NTSC -
Q
Country System Color Stereo
Qatar B PAL -
R
Country System Color Stereo
Reunion K SECAM -
Romania D,K PAL -
Russia D,K SECAM -
Rwanda D,K PAL & SECAM -
S
Country System Color Stereo
Saba and Sarawak B PAL Zweiton D
Samoa  (Eastern) M NTSC -
Samoa  (Western) B PAL -
San Marino B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Sao Tome B,G PAL -
Saudi Arabia B,G PAL & SECAM -
Senegal K1 SECAM -
Serbia B,G PAL -
Seychelles B PAL -
Sierra Leone B,G PAL -
Singapore B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Slovakia B,D,K PAL & SECAM -
Slovenia B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Society Islands K1 SECAM -
Somalia B,G PAL -
South Africa I PAL Nicam I
Spain B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Sri Lanka B,G PAL -
St. Grenadine M NTSC -
St. Lucia M NTSC -
St. Pierre Miquelon K1 SECAM -
St. Vincent M NTSC -
St. Kitts M NTSC -
Sudan B PAL -
Surinam M NTSC -
Swaziland B,G PAL -
Sweden B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Switzerland B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Syria B PAL -
T
Country System Color Stereo
Tahiti K1 SECAM -
Taiwan M NTSC BTSC
Tajikistan D,K SECAM -
Tanzania B PAL -
Thailand B,G PAL -
Tibet D PAL -
Togo K1 SECAM -
Tonga M NTSC -
Trinidad and Tobago M NTSC -
Tunisia B SECAM -
Turkey B,G PAL -
Turkmenistan D,K SECAM -
U
Country System Color Stereo
Uganda B,G PAL -
United Kingdom I PAL Nicam I
Ukraine D,K SECAM -
United Arab Emirates B,G PAL -
Upper Volta K1 SECAM -
Uruguay N PAL -
United States of America M NTSC BTSC
Uzbekistan D,K SECAM -
V
Country System Color Stereo
Vatican B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Venezuela M NTSC -
Vietnam D,M SECAM & NTSC -
Virgin Islands M NTSC -
Y
Country System Color Stereo
Yemen B PAL -
Z
Country System Color Stereo
Zaire K SECAM -
Zambia B,G PAL -
Zanzibar I PAL -
Zimbabwe B,G PAL -


Specifications:


PAL* Audio / Video Band Frequencies
System Lines Channel Vision Sound Vision Sound Zweiton Nicam
B 625 7MHz 5MHz +5.5MHz -VE FM +5.742MHZ +5.85MHZ
D 625  8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz -VE FM +6.742MHZ -
G,H 625 8MHz 5MHz +5.5MHz -VE  FM +5.742MHz +5.85MHz
I 625 8MHz 5.5MHz +6.0MHz -VE FM - +6.552MHz
K,K1 625  8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz -VE FM - -
L 625 8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz +VE AM - +5.85MHz
M 525 6MHz 4.2MHz +4.5MHz -VE FM +4.72MHz -
N 625 6MHz 4.2MHz +4.5MHz -VE FM - -

*PAL: Phase Alternation Line. Developed in Germany. Based in the NTSC system, it was modified to avoid color distortion. Broadcast started in 1967.

Audio Modulation

MTS Stereo single sound carrier modulated with fm/am multiplex

FM/FM single sound carrier modulated with fm/fm multiplex

Zweiton B,G,D,Main carrier is modulated with (L+R)/2 or A. The second carrier with R or B

Zweiton M Main carrier is modulated with (L+R) or A. The second carrier with L-R or B

Nicam Stereo Main carrier is modulated with mono sound or A. The second (digitally modulated carrier) with L and R or A and B



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